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Research Article

Fuel butanol dehydration by using a membrane based pervaporation method  

Filiz Ugur Nigiz*, Nilufer Durmaz Hilmioglu

Department of Chemical Engineering , Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, TURKEY

Keywords

Abstract



Fuel dehydration, 

Hydrophilic membrane,

 Pervaporation

The usage of bio-fuel for transportation fuel has become mandatory to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and increase the fuel quality. It is well known that the bio-fuels such as bio-ethanol and bio-butanol are produced by the fermentation process and the final concentrations of these alcohols in fermentation broth are very low. Therefore, effective and selective separation processes are required to be used. Pervaporation is a cost effective and selective membrane process that separates azeotropic, close-boiling-point mixtures from each other. It is commercially used as a hybrid process with distillation in the fermentation plant. The performance of this method depends on the productivity, durability, stability, and selectivity of the membrane. Thus, academic studies related to the pervaporation membrane production are still in progress.  The purpose of this study is dehydration of bio-butanol by using pervaporation. Montmorillonite clay incorporated carboxymethyl cellulose composite membrane has been prepared. Effects of temperature and butanol-water concentration on separation performance have been investigated.

 © 2016 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17515/resm2016.47en0613                          Full Text

LATEST News


21/02/2020 Collaboration for SET 2020: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the 19th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies (SET 2020) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.


25/12/2019 Most Cited Paper Award: The paper authored by Manoj Sahni and Sanjeev Sharma entitled as “Elastic-plastic deformation of a thin rotating solid disk of exponentially varying density" is awarded the 2019 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).

25/12/2019 Best Paper Award: The paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 2019 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).


13/11/2019 Data articles as a new type of submision: Editorial Board of our journal have decided to accept a new type of submission: data articles. The focus of these papers is only on data and how it is collected but not on its interpretation and drawn conclusions. For more see News section.


(More details of the news may be given in the News section)


For more see News...

LATEST AWARDS


2019 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Manoj Sahni and Sanjeev Sharma entitled as “Elastic-plastic deformation of a thin rotating solid disk of exponentially varying density" is awarded the


2019 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 


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Last Update:

24.07.2020

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