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Research Article

Fuel butanol dehydration by using a membrane based pervaporation method  

Filiz Ugur Nigiz*, Nilufer Durmaz Hilmioglu

Department of Chemical Engineering , Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, TURKEY



Fuel dehydration, 

Hydrophilic membrane,


The usage of bio-fuel for transportation fuel has become mandatory to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and increase the fuel quality. It is well known that the bio-fuels such as bio-ethanol and bio-butanol are produced by the fermentation process and the final concentrations of these alcohols in fermentation broth are very low. Therefore, effective and selective separation processes are required to be used. Pervaporation is a cost effective and selective membrane process that separates azeotropic, close-boiling-point mixtures from each other. It is commercially used as a hybrid process with distillation in the fermentation plant. The performance of this method depends on the productivity, durability, stability, and selectivity of the membrane. Thus, academic studies related to the pervaporation membrane production are still in progress.  The purpose of this study is dehydration of bio-butanol by using pervaporation. Montmorillonite clay incorporated carboxymethyl cellulose composite membrane has been prepared. Effects of temperature and butanol-water concentration on separation performance have been investigated.

 © 2016 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

DOI:                          Full Text


24/5/2019 Collaboration for THERMAM 2019: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of 6th International Conference of Thermophysical and Mechanical Properties of Advanced Materials, 8th Rostocker International Conference of Thermophysical Properties for Technical Thermodynamics have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

23/12/2018 2018 Most Cited Paper Award: The paper authored by Jouni Freud and Alp Karakoç entitled as “Shear and torsion correction factors of Timoshenko beam model for generic cross sections" is awarded the 2018 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.

23/12/2018 2018 Best Paper Award: The paper authored by Nelson C. Batista, Rui Melicio and Victor M. F. Mendes entitled as “Darrieus vertical axis wind turbines: methodology to study the self start capabilities considering symmetric and asymmetric air foils” is awarded the 2018 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

For more see News...


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