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Research Article

Mechanical and thermal behavior of natural fiber-polymer composites without compatibilizers

Veikko Sajaniemi, Alp Karakoç, Jouni Paltakari

Aalto University, Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems, P.O. Box 11000, FI-00076 AALTO, FINLAND                                                                                                                                                     

Keywords

Abstract



Pulp;


Polypropylene;


Compatibilizer;


Natural fiber polymer composite



The present study aims at understanding the mechanical and thermal properties of natural fibers in a polymer matrix without strong adhesion between the two constitutes. For this purpose, four types of pulps, which are refined and unrefined pine and birch kraft pulps, were used together with polypropylene without any compatibilizer. One constituent pulp based and composite pulp fiber-polypropylene handsheets were prepared by standard laboratory sheet preparation method followed by hot pressing process. In addition to these handsheets, pure polypropylene sheets were also formed as the reference. The produced handsheets were tested to determine their tensile properties following the ISO 1924-2 standard for paper and board. During these tests, infrared thermal imaging was also carried out with FLIR A655SC thermal camera with frame rate of 200 Hz and thermal resolution of 50 mK so as to investigate the thermal behavior. As a result of the experiments, it was deduced that the chosen methods produced composites with unsatisfactory properties. In addition, microstructures of the investigated handsheets were analyzed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) indicating the heterogeneous mixing of constituents and existence of material defects, which was mainly due to the inherent incompatibility of hydrophilic natural fibers and hydrophobic thermoplastics. The study aims at paving a way for improved natural fiber-polymer composite manufacturing methods, a requirement for better understanding the natural fiber and polymer matrix bonding practices.

© 2019 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

LATEST News


21/02/2020 Collaboration for SET 2020: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the 19th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies (SET 2020) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.


25/12/2019 Most Cited Paper Award: The paper authored by Manoj Sahni and Sanjeev Sharma entitled as “Elastic-plastic deformation of a thin rotating solid disk of exponentially varying density" is awarded the 2019 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).

25/12/2019 Best Paper Award: The paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 2019 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).


13/11/2019 Data articles as a new type of submision: Editorial Board of our journal have decided to accept a new type of submission: data articles. The focus of these papers is only on data and how it is collected but not on its interpretation and drawn conclusions. For more see News section.


(More details of the news may be given in the News section)


For more see News...

LATEST AWARDS


2019 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Manoj Sahni and Sanjeev Sharma entitled as “Elastic-plastic deformation of a thin rotating solid disk of exponentially varying density" is awarded the


2019 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 


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Last Update:

15.06.2020

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