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Research Article

The effects of foundry sand components on the cast iron

Sevim Alisir and Sinem Cevik

Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey                                                           



Foundry sand;

 Cast iron; 


Mechanical properties; 

Perlite and bentonite.

Many studies are being carried out on factors such as casting temperature, cooling rate, mold design and, so on due to the effects of casting and solidification conditions on the mechanical properties of the final product. However, given literature, there appears to be no comprehensive study on the effect of casting mold sand components on the mechanical properties of cast iron. From this point of view within the scope of this study, the effects of casting mold sand and binder on the cast iron were investigated. By using silica and olivine as foundry sand at different ratios, bentonite and perlite as binders, the effects of them on the microstructure and the mechanical properties of casting were investigated. The microstructures of the products show that as the cooling rate slows down, the distribution of graphite particles in the structure changes from flakes to nodules. These structural changes are very matched with the results of mechanical properties. Therefore, when the cooling rate decreases, the hardness decreases from 310 HV to 239 HV in all of the groups. Also, the bending strength is going from 971.53 MPa to 487.42 MPa, like in the hardness results. On the contrary, the deformation increases from 13 % to 24 % when cooling rates decreases. This study clearly demonstrates that the products can be obtained by changing the heat conduction coefficient of the casting mold with different mechanical properties from the same molten metal. 

© 2019 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


31/12/2020 Most Cited Award: 

According to the Editorial Board evaluation, the paper authored by Nelson Batista, Rui Melicio, Victor Mendes entitled as “Darrieus vertical axis wind turbines: methodology to study the self-start capabilities considering symmetric and asymmetric airfoils" is awarded the 2020 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).

31/12/2020 Best Paper Award:

According to the Advisory Board decision, the paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 2020 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).

02/11/2020 Indexed by SCOPUS: We are informed that our journal is accepted to be included in the SCOPUS Index. See mews for more info.

20/08/2020 Collaboration for IMSTEC 2020: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the 5. International Conference on Material Science and Technology (IMSTEC 2020) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

13/11/2019 Data articles as a new type of submision: Editorial Board of our journal have decided to accept a new type of submission: data articles. The focus of these papers is only on data and how it is collected but not on its interpretation and drawn conclusions. For more see News section.

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

For more see News...


2020 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Nelson Batista, Rui Melicio, Victor Mendes entitled as “Darrieus vertical axis wind turbines: methodology to study the self-start capabilities considering symmetric and asymmetric airfoils" is awarded the

2020 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ahsen Ünal, Işıl Özer, Melek Erol Taygun, Sadriye Küçükbayrak entitled as “Fabrication and in-vitro evaluation of copper doped bioactive glass/polymer composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering” is awarded the 


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