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Research Article

Optimal design of the type III hydrogen storage tank for different carbon/epoxy materials by modified differential evolution method

Ozan Ayakdaş1, Levent Aydın3, Melih Savran2, Nilay Küçükdoğan2, Savaş Öztürk4

1Department of Graduate School of Engineering and Sciences, Izmir Institue of Technology, Izmir, Turkey 2Department of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Izmir Katip Çelebi University, Izmir, Turkey                                                                                                                                                                  3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Izmir Katip Çelebi University, Izmir, Turkey                             4Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey

Keywords

Abstract

Optimization;

 Composite pressure vessel;

  Failure analysis;

  Stacking Sequences Design

In this study, the main objective is to minimize the failure index of a cylindrical laminated composite hydrogen storage tank under internal pressure. The first step is to obtain the distribution of stress components based on Classical Laminated Plate Theory (CLPT). The second is to evaluate the burst pressure of the tank according to three different first ply failure criteria and then to compare the results with the experimental and numerical ones from literature. In the final part of the study, the best possible combination of winding angles, stacking sequences and thicknesses of laminates satisfying minimum possible stress concentration will be obtained for different Carbon/Epoxy materials by Differential Evolution Method. The stress components and, the burst pressures reached according to Hashin-Rotem, Maximum Stress, and Tsai-Wu first-ply failure criteria, have been complied with experimental and numerical results in the literature for Type III pressure vessels. Manufacturable Type-III tank designs have been proposed satisfying the 35 MPa burst pressure for different Carbon/Epoxy materials.

 © 2019 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17515/resm2019.65is0909                          Full Text

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