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Research Article

The electroless metal plating process over ABS plastic by using ionic liquids

Canan Uraz

Department of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Ege University, Turkey.

Keywords

Abstract


Electroless plating;

Ionic liquids;

Nickel plating;

Cupper plating.

Electroless metal plating is a coating technique which relies on reduction of metal ions with an autocatalytic chemical reduction process. Ionic liquids are defined as compounds that are sensitive to the environment due to their low pressure that can be negligible, their high heat resistance, and a higher ionic conductivity, to be electrochemically rich, to have wide open liquid range, to have a range of high polar solubility. In this study, the effects of ionic liquids were investigated in the electroless metal plating process over ABS plastic. For this purpose electroless baths were prepared by using two different types of ionic liquids (EMIC & DCA) for copper and nickel plating. Experiments were carried out with 120-500 grit sandpaper and at 80°C plating bath temperature for 30-120 minutes of deposition time and at different pH values as 8-9. X-Ray XDL-B System, X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) were used for the characterization and the amount of deposits. According to the experimental and analytical results, the metal plating on ABS plastic was succeeded with two different ionic liquid additions. On the contrary of the traditional processes with chromic and sulphuric acids, the etching and the plating processes were performed with environmentally friendly chemicals. In this way, both it will be provided a significant benefit to public health, and it will be brought innovation to the metal plating industry with the environmentally friendly ionic liquid catalyst. © 2019 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

LATEST News


25/12/2019 Most Cited Paper Award: The paper authored by Manoj Sahni and Sanjeev Sharma entitled as “Elastic-plastic deformation of a thin rotating solid disk of exponentially varying density" is awarded the 2019 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).

25/12/2019 Best Paper Award: The paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 2019 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).


13/11/2019 Data articles as a new type of submision: Editorial Board of our journal have decided to accept a new type of submission: data articles. The focus of these papers is only on data and how it is collected but not on its interpretation and drawn conclusions. For more see News section.


24/5/2019 Collaboration for THERMAM 2019: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of 6th International Conference of Thermophysical and Mechanical Properties of Advanced Materials, 8th Rostocker International Conference of Thermophysical Properties for Technical Thermodynamics have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.


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LATEST AWARDS


2019 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Manoj Sahni and Sanjeev Sharma entitled as “Elastic-plastic deformation of a thin rotating solid disk of exponentially varying density" is awarded the


2019 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 


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Last Update:

29.12.2019

(dd.mm.yyyy)