Computational study of the vertical impact coefficient on girders of pier access bridges
Vinícius Avila1, Mauro Real2, Márcio Moura2
1Programa de Pós-Graduação em Modelagem Computacional, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, Brasil. 2Escola de Engenharia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, Brasil.
Moving load models;
Bridges in Brazil are designed according to design code NBR 7188:2013  and NBR 7187:2003 , in which the moving load model is composed of a three-axle vehicle. The configuration of the moving load model follows the pattern of an older version of the code, the NB-6 (1960). Despite the updating of load values, the present moving load model is not appropriate to represent the current traffic effects in Brazilian bridges. The dynamic effects induced by the moving load are taken into account by the impact coefficient, applied in the load model. The static values of the load model are obtained by multiplying its load by this coefficient. The objective of this work is to perform a dynamic analysis of bridge girders, to determine the dynamic effects, to compare with the static effects and to measure the accuracy of the impact coefficient. The results obtained for the beams, showed that for some cases, the impact coefficients had a good approximation to transform the static efforts into dynamic ones. However, in other cases, these coefficients did not show the same result. Through the study it was possible to identify that the impact coefficients provided in the code can be enhanced from new studies taking into account the dynamic analysis of loadings of Brazilian bridges. © 2019 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.