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Research Article

Optimized properties of concrete at various exposure conditions

Mahesh Patil1Shailendrakumar Dubey2Hiteshkumar Patil3

1DKavayitri Bahinabai Chaudhari North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon-425001 (MS), India

2Civil Engineering Department at SSVPS BSD COE, Dhule (MS)-424005, India

3The Shirpur Education Society’s, Shirpur R. C. Patel Institute of Technology, India, district Dhule- 425405 (MS) India



Exposure conditions;

Water to cement ratio;


Compressive strength;

Flexural Strength;

Tensile Strength;

PCA analysis;

MLR Model;

RSM Models

This research explores the testing of M40 grade concrete results under various exposure scenarios. The characteristics of concrete are investigated at the plastic and hardening stages. The characteristics of concrete at both stages vary depending on the exposure circumstances. The rheological qualities of the concrete as well as its strength characteristics under various exposure situations are investigated. It has been noted that as exposure conditions deteriorate, cement content gradually rises while W/C and water content decrease. This research is more beneficial for predicting the diverse properties of concrete under various exposure conditions. This will also aid in reducing losses incurred during construction and structural decay. During the investigation, the correlation matrix and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) are used to evaluate the interrelationship of the experimental variables, which yields more accurate results and predictions of the various characteristics of concrete. A Multivariate Linear Regression (MLR) model developed for the prediction of concrete qualities in the plastic and hardens stages. The MLR model found to be best matched to experimental data, and its forecast is correct. The Response Surface Method (RSM) used to find the optimal properties of the concrete in all types of exposure scenarios.

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01/01/2024 Best Paper Award: The winners of 2023 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Author Awards section.

01/01/2024 Most Cited Paper Award: The winners of 2023 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Author Awards section.

01/01/2024 Reviewer Awards: The winners of 2023 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section.

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

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2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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