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Research Article

Integral waterproofing concrete mechanical properties with the addition of fly ash

Dwi Nurtanto, Mochammad Roziqinb, Krisnamurti, Wiwik Yunarni Widiarti, Roy Firmawan

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University Jember, Tegalboto Campus, Jember Regency, East Java 68121, Indonesian



Integral Waterproofing Concrete;

Modulus Elasticity;

Fly Ash;

Compressive Strength;

Split Tensile Strength

The addition of waterproofing to concrete aims to reduce porosity and is expected to be more watertight. However, the addition of a waterproof layer to the concrete can reduce its performance of the concrete. Therefore, researchers are trying to innovate an integral mixture of waterproofing concrete with fly ash (FA) as a filler. FA added to the integral waterproofing concrete mix is expected to improve its mechanical properties, including the modulus of elasticity. The Madrid Parabola Formula and Desay & Khrisnan Formula are usually used in calculating the stress-strain distribution of concrete. This case aims to determine the physical and mechanical properties as well as the stress-strain distribution equation by adding FA to integral concrete waterproofing. In this study, the specimens used were cylindrical in shape with a size of 15 cm x 30 cm. The ingredients are PPC cement, sand, gravel, 1.5% integral waterproofing added (Damdex brand), and the addition of FA from cement weight 0% to 15% in 5% increment intervals. Tests for compressive strength, split tensile strength, and modulus of elasticity tests were carried out in reference to ASTM C39/C39M-18, 2018, ASTM C 496/C 496M – 04, 2004, and ASTM C 469 – 02, 2002. The results showed that the more FA was added, the more strength increased. The Desay-Khrisnan stress-strain formula is more suitable for this concrete.

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01/01/2024 Best Paper Award: The winners of 2023 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Author Awards section.

01/01/2024 Most Cited Paper Award: The winners of 2023 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Author Awards section.

01/01/2024 Reviewer Awards: The winners of 2023 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section.

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

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2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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