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Research Article

Experimental investigation along with 3-D Finite Element Analysis to determine the stress bearing ability of concrete containing waste plastic aggregates

Lalit Pawar1Keshav K. Sangle1Yuvaraj L. Bhirud2

1Department of Structural Engineering, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, India

2Department of Civil Engineering, SNJB’s LSKBJ COE, Chandwad, Nashik, India



Design management;


Engineering analysis;

Finite Element Method

Earth is becoming more and more polluted as a result of the unrelenting growth of plastic garbage in land surface. Also, plastic wastes are regarded as the most hazardous of the wastes produced in today's society because they take a long time to biodegrade and account for 85% of all garbage produced globally. However, the use of these plastic waste products in the building sector can help to alleviate the strength of the concrete structures while lowering the current environmental issues. Hence, in this research aggregate waste plastics were added to the concrete mixture to increase the strength of the concrete. In which aggregate waste plastics are added to the concrete mix in three different types of structures like cube, cylinder and beam which are then checked for its mechanical properties using compressive test, split tensile test, and flexural test respectively. Finally, the strength of concrete at various plastic proportions with three different structures under varying loading conditions is investigated using Finite Element Method (FEM) in Abaqus software and the results are discussed and the optimal specimen of the concrete mixture are determined. The result obtained showed high compressive, splitting tensile, and flexural strength values of concrete since coarse particles are replaced with plastic in amounts of 10%, 20%, 30 % and 40% which outperforms traditional mix that have higher percentages of more than 40% plastic waste, indicating the worst-case scenario in mechanical properties.

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20/04/2024 Collaboration for HSTD-2024Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the III. International Conference on High-Speed Transport Development (HSTD) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

20/04/2024 Collaboration for DSL2024-SS1Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the DSL2024 Fluid Flow, Energy Transfer & Design (SS1) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the session will be published in our journal. For more see Events. .

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

For more see News...


2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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