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Research Article

Experimental and factorial design of the mechanical and physical properties of concrete containing waste rubber powder

Ameur Belmouhoub1, Assia Abdelouahed1,  Ammar Noui2

1Dept. of Civil Eng., 20 Août 1955 University of Skikda, Algeria
2Dept. of Civil Eng., Mohamed El Bachir El Ibrahimi University of Bordj Bou Arreridj, Algeria




 Mechanical and physical properties;



 Full Factorial design; 


The application of waste rubber in the Civil Engineering is considered one of the most effective solutions for managing this waste. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the effect of rubber substituted in cement on the physical and mechanical properties of concrete using the general full factorial design method, and compare the laboratory results with the results of the JMP pilot test program, and find out if there is a match between the results. The rubber powder is used as a mass substitute in cement at rates of 0%, 2%, 4%, 6% and 8%. The fresh properties were evaluated through workability, air content, and fresh density tests, whereas the hardened properties were assessed using tests of compressive strength, flexural strength, and ultrasonic pulse velocity. These concretes have the workability from 8 to 14.5 cm, fresh density from 2.20 to 2.38 (g/cm3). The air content ranged from 1.2 to 1.9%. Furthermore, the compressive strength ranged from 22.85 to 43.97 MPa, while the flexural strength ranged from 4.86 to 7.03 MPa. In addition, ultrasonic velocity from 3831.42 to 4098.36 (m/s). Accordingly, it was concluded that the concrete with 2% of rubber represented significantly better compressive strength compared to the ordinary concrete. The numerical modeling is assessed to have an appropriate determined coefficient R2 close to 1 for the workability, fresh density, air content, compressive strength, flexural strength, and ultrasonic pulse velocity.

© 2023 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


20/04/2024 Collaboration for HSTD-2024Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the III. International Conference on High-Speed Transport Development (HSTD) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

20/04/2024 Collaboration for DSL2024-SS1Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the DSL2024 Fluid Flow, Energy Transfer & Design (SS1) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the session will be published in our journal. For more see Events. .

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

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2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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