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The journal of RESM is open to proposals for special issues on emerging related topics. More info is here.

Research Article

Performance studies on energy efficient paver block with treated recycled aggregate

Jagan Sivamani

Department of Civil Engineering, Sona College of Technology, India



Recycled aggregates;



Paver block;


Water absorption;

Impact energy

Extensive research was performed to investigate the concrete properties (hardened and durability) with finer and coarser recycled aggregates. Fewer studies have discussed on the effect of bio-treatment to recycled aggregates in concrete to overcome its higher water absorption characteristics. However, the studies on the use of bio-treated recycled aggregates as alternative to natural aggregates in real time traffic applications needs to be increased. This paper investigates the feasibility of utilization of recycled coarse aggregate (RCA), recycled fine aggregate (RFA), bio-deposited recycled coarse aggregate (BRCA) and carbonated recycled fine aggregate (CRFA) in the production of sustainable paver blocks for various traffic volumes. The RCA was bio-treated with Bacillus sphaericus at 105cells/ml and RFA was carbonated at 0.2 bar to produce hexagonal paver blocks of 80 mm thickness. The research involves the determination of density, strength and water absorption of paver blocks at suitable ages. The strength of bio-deposited and carbonated paver blocks was reduced by only 6.13% and 8.9% and the water absorption bio-deposited and carbonated paver blocks was increased by only 2.86% and 1.24% compared to conventional paver block. The impact energy of bio-deposited and carbonated paver blocks was 18.6% and 17% lesser compared to conventional paver block. Microstructural investigations through scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) illustrates the CaCO3 formation that seals the crevice on the recycled aggregate and improves the properties of paver block.

© 2023 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


20/04/2024 Collaboration for HSTD-2024Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the III. International Conference on High-Speed Transport Development (HSTD) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

20/04/2024 Collaboration for DSL2024-SS1Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the DSL2024 Fluid Flow, Energy Transfer & Design (SS1) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the session will be published in our journal. For more see Events. .

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

For more see News...


2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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