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Research Article

Properties of furfural residue and its drying characteristics in single-shaft paddle heat exchangers

Liang Ji, Xinzhi Liu, Houlei Zhang*

School of Energy and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China



Furfural residue, Property,

Drying, Single-shaft,

Paddle heat exchanger

Furfural residue is a detrimental waste generated in furfural production processes. Combustion is an efficient way to dispose furfural residue and drying is a necessary unit operation prior to combustion. In this paper, the properties of furfural residue, including particle size distribution, proximate analysis and pyrolysis process curves were presented. The flow and drying characteristics of furfural residue in a lab-scale single-shaft paddle heat exchanger were documented. The measurements show that the furfural residue contains high moisture (54.26%) and its as received basis lower heating value is 7301 kJ/kg. The high moisture content in furfural residue makes ignition and efficient combustion very difficult.  It is feasible to use single-shaft paddle heat exchanger to dry furfural residue to moisture content of 15.94% which is advantageous for further combustion due to low moisture content. No agglutination and blockage were found. This preliminary experimental research provides reference for furfural residue drying unit design.

 © 2018 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

DOI:                          Full Text


24/5/2019 Collaboration for THERMAM 2019: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of 6th International Conference of Thermophysical and Mechanical Properties of Advanced Materials, 8th Rostocker International Conference of Thermophysical Properties for Technical Thermodynamics have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

23/12/2018 2018 Most Cited Paper Award: The paper authored by Jouni Freud and Alp Karakoç entitled as “Shear and torsion correction factors of Timoshenko beam model for generic cross sections" is awarded the 2018 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.

23/12/2018 2018 Best Paper Award: The paper authored by Nelson C. Batista, Rui Melicio and Victor M. F. Mendes entitled as “Darrieus vertical axis wind turbines: methodology to study the self start capabilities considering symmetric and asymmetric air foils” is awarded the 2018 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.

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