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Research Article

Microstructure, hardness and biocompatibility properties of ceramic based coatings produced by plasma spray method

Serkan Islak*,1, Nuray Emin2, Cihan Özorak3 and Husain R.H. Hraam4

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kastamonu University, Kastamonu, Turkey

2Department of Biomedical Engineering, Kastamonu University, Kastamonu, Turkey

3Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Kastamonu University, Kastamonu, Turkey

4Institute of Science, Kastamonu University, Kastamonu, Turkey



Ceramic coatings;



Ceramic materials with excellent mechanical, corrosion and abrasion resistance is set in terms of features such as biomaterials. In this study, Al2O3, Al2O3-40% TiO2, ZrO2 - 8% Y2O3 and Cr2O3-2% TiO2 ceramic coatings were produced by plasma spraying on AISI 316L stainless steel surface. It was aimed to investigate microstructure, hardness and biocompatibility properties of coatings. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis and X-ray diffraction (XRD) phase analysis were used to determine the microstructure and phase composition properties. The biocompatibility properties of coatings have been tried to be determined by analyzing cytotoxicity and viability. The SEM images show that the ceramic coatings are connected in accordance with the substrate. The XRD analyzes show the formation of binary and ternary complex phases in the coating layers. Cr2O3-2% TiO2 coating has the highest hardness in the coating layers. Biocompatibility tests reveal the most compatible and consistent results in terms of cytotoxicity were obtained with Al2O3-40% TiO2 coating.

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DOI:                          Full Text


24/5/2019 Collaboration for THERMAM 2019: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of 6th International Conference of Thermophysical and Mechanical Properties of Advanced Materials, 8th Rostocker International Conference of Thermophysical Properties for Technical Thermodynamics have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

23/12/2018 2018 Most Cited Paper Award: The paper authored by Jouni Freud and Alp Karakoç entitled as “Shear and torsion correction factors of Timoshenko beam model for generic cross sections" is awarded the 2018 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.

23/12/2018 2018 Best Paper Award: The paper authored by Nelson C. Batista, Rui Melicio and Victor M. F. Mendes entitled as “Darrieus vertical axis wind turbines: methodology to study the self start capabilities considering symmetric and asymmetric air foils” is awarded the 2018 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.

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