Verification of a genetic algorithm for the optimization of stiffened plates through the constructal design methodne
Marcelo Langhinrichs Cunha1, Emanuel da Silva Diaz Estrada1, Grégori da Silva Troina1, Elizaldo Domingues dos Santos1, Luiz Alberto Oliveira Rocha2, Liércio André Isoldi1
1Federal University of Rio Grande - FURG, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil 2University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos - UNISINOS, São Leopoldo, RS, Brazil
This work is a feasibility study of a Genetic Algorithm (GA) based geometric optimization of stiffened plates subjected to transverse loads. For that, the Constructal Design method was used in order to define the search space, aiming to minimize the stiffened plate’s central deflection, while keeping the total volume of material constant. The number of longitudinal Nls and transverse Nts stiffeners and the relation hs/ts, the ratio between the height and the thickness of the ribs, were considered as degrees of freedom of the studied optimization problem. In order to estimate the displacement field of the plate reinforced with stiffeners, the Finite Element Method (FEM) was used through the ANSYS® Mechanical APDL software. For the verification, the results obtained in the present study were compared with those obtained by Troina (2017), which used Exhaustive Search (ES) as optimization technique. The results indicated that is more efficient using GA than ES since the former requires the analysis of a lesser amount of cases in order to determine the optimal geometric configuration; there being reductions of up to 47,09% on the number of simulations.© 2019 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.