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Research Article

Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics of gas-phase toluene onto char produced from almond shells

Sinan Kutluay, Orhan Baytar, Ömer Şahin

Department of Chemical Engineering, Siirt University, Siirt, Turkey

Keywords

Abstract


Adsorption; 

Char; 

Isotherms; 

Kinetics; 

Thermodynamics; 

Toluene

Toluene is the primary material in chemical process industries and is often used as a raw material in the production of many chemicals and as a solvent in many engineering processes. In this study, the material of char, which is used as an adsorbent, was produced from almond shells. The adsorption process of gas-phase toluene onto char was investigated using a laboratory-scale fixed-bed reactor under atmospheric pressure. The structure of the char was characterized by BET and FTIR. The influences of adsorption parameters such as nitrogen (N2) flow rate as the gas-phase toluene carrier, char amount, gas-phase toluene concentration at the inlet and the adsorption temperature on both the adsorption capacity and adsorption efficiency were examined. It was found that the adsorption of the gas-phase toluene onto char could be well represented by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Equilibrium isotherm data were analyzed by the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models and the results indicated that the adsorption process was described well by the Langmuir isotherm model. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity (qmax) of the char was determined as 15.42 mg g-1 for 303 K. Thermodynamic parameters such as ΔG° = -7.93 kJ mol-1, ΔH°= -17.18 kJ mol-1, ΔS°= -0.013 kJ mol-1 K-1 showed that the adsorption process was spontaneous, exothermic and physical. The results showed that the material of char produced from almond shells could be used as a biosorbent to remove the material of gas-phase toluene from various industrial and natural sources through the adsorption method© 2019 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17515/resm2019.73en1122                          Full Text

LATEST News



22/02/2021 Indexed by InfoBase Index: We are informed that our journal is accepted to be included in the InfoBase Index. 


11/02/2021 Collaboration for ULIBTK 2021: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the 23. Congress on Thermal Science and Technology (ULIBTK 2021) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.


31/12/2020 Most Cited Award: 

According to the Editorial Board evaluation, the paper authored by Nelson Batista, Rui Melicio, Victor Mendes entitled as “Darrieus vertical axis wind turbines: methodology to study the self-start capabilities considering symmetric and asymmetric airfoils" is awarded the 2020 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).


31/12/2020 Best Paper Award:

According to the Advisory Board decision, the paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 2020 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).


02/11/2020 Indexed by SCOPUS: We are informed that our journal is accepted to be included in the SCOPUS Index. See news for more info.


(More details of the news may be given in the News section)


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LATEST AWARDS


2020 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Nelson Batista, Rui Melicio, Victor Mendes entitled as “Darrieus vertical axis wind turbines: methodology to study the self-start capabilities considering symmetric and asymmetric airfoils" is awarded the


2020 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ahsen Ünal, Işıl Özer, Melek Erol Taygun, Sadriye Küçükbayrak entitled as “Fabrication and in-vitro evaluation of copper doped bioactive glass/polymer composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering” is awarded the 


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Last Update:

27.02.2021

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