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Research Article

Production of solid fuel with torrefaction from agricultural wastes

Neslihan Deveci Duranay, Nazlı Çaycı

Department of Chemical Engineering, Fırat University, Elazığ, Turkey

Keywords

Abstract



Agricultural waste;

Biomass;

Torrefaction;

Energy yield

In this study, it was aimed to produce solid fuel by applying torrefaction process to agricultural wastes, left in the field (usually left to decay) after harvest or post-cultivation period. An eggplant stalk left in the field as an agricultural waste after production period was used in the study. The torrefaction process was applied to the original plant parts cut in certain lengths, and also to the pellets prepared from the same plant. The torrefaction experiments were performed in a pyrex glass reactor placed inside a vertical cylindrical refractory chamber, through which resistance wires are passed. The torrefaction process was performed in N2 atmosphere at the operation temperatures of 220, 260 and 300oC. The proximate and elemental analyses of the solid product were performed. Besides, the energy yield was determined by measuring the higher heating values (HHV) of the original sample and solid product. Depending on torrefaction temperature ıt was determined a decrease in the solid product yield, an increase in the yields of liquid and gas products. While the volatile matter content of the solid product was decreased, it was found that the rate of fixed carbon increased. It was also determined that elemental carbon ratio increased and oxygen ratio decreased as a result of the torrefaction process. It was detected that the higher heating value of the biomass increased with rising torrefaction temperature and 65.58% of the energy that contained has been maintained at severe (300ᴼC) torrefaction conditions. © 2019 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17515/resm2019.85en1227                          Full Text

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22/02/2021 Indexed by InfoBase Index: We are informed that our journal is accepted to be included in the InfoBase Index. 


11/02/2021 Collaboration for ULIBTK 2021: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the 23. Congress on Thermal Science and Technology (ULIBTK 2021) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.


31/12/2020 Most Cited Award: 

According to the Editorial Board evaluation, the paper authored by Nelson Batista, Rui Melicio, Victor Mendes entitled as “Darrieus vertical axis wind turbines: methodology to study the self-start capabilities considering symmetric and asymmetric airfoils" is awarded the 2020 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).


31/12/2020 Best Paper Award:

According to the Advisory Board decision, the paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 2020 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).


02/11/2020 Indexed by SCOPUS: We are informed that our journal is accepted to be included in the SCOPUS Index. See news for more info.


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LATEST AWARDS


2020 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Nelson Batista, Rui Melicio, Victor Mendes entitled as “Darrieus vertical axis wind turbines: methodology to study the self-start capabilities considering symmetric and asymmetric airfoils" is awarded the


2020 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ahsen Ünal, Işıl Özer, Melek Erol Taygun, Sadriye Küçükbayrak entitled as “Fabrication and in-vitro evaluation of copper doped bioactive glass/polymer composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering” is awarded the 


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Last Update:

27.02.2021

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