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Research Article

The mutual interaction between the structural footprint and number of floors in steel structures

Ercan Işık1, İbrahim Baran Karaşin2

1Bitlis Eren University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Civil Engineering Dept. Bitlis Turkey  2Dicle University, Faculty of Engineering, Civil Engineering Dept. Diyarbakır Turkey

Keywords

Abstract





Steel; 

Footprint; 

Number of floor;

 Cost; 

Pushover; 

Material model





Structural dimensions and number of floors are some of the factors affecting the building behaviour under the earthquake effects. In this study, the structural footprint and the number of floors were selected as a variable. For this purpose, a steel structure model with fixed dimensions and properties of load-bearing system elements was selected. The structural footprint was selected as the first variable and then five different structure models were created. The structural footprint was changed by setting each axial clearance in both directions. Each axial clearance was increased by 0.5m in each structure model. Three different number of floors as to be 5, 6 and 7 floors were selected as the second variable. Eigenvalue and pushover analyses were performed for each model and each number of floors. As a result of the analyses, the target displacement values for period, frequency, cumulative participation mass ratio, base shear force, settlement, stiffness and degree of damage were acquired separately. As the structural footprint and number of the floors increase, while the period, settlement and the target displacement values increased, on the contrary, there was a decrease in participation mass ratio, base shear forces and stiffness values. In the study, cost comparisons of building construction were also made considering the change in the total structural area and the number of floors. The criterion of safety and economy was ignored due to increase both in the number of floors and the footprint. This study emphasizes the importance of avoiding the unnecessary structural dimensions via optimum design principles. As structural footprint area and number of floors increase, period values increase, stiffness and seismic capacity values decrease. As the number of floors and footprint area increases, the total building area increases, so the approximate building cost has also increased.

© 2020 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

LATEST News

02/11/2020 Indexed by SCOPUS: We are informed that our journal is accepted to be included in the SCOPUS Index. See mews for more info.


20/08/2020 Collaboration for IMSTEC 2020: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the 5. International Conference on Material Science and Technology (IMSTEC 2020) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.


25/12/2019 Most Cited Paper Award: The paper authored by Manoj Sahni and Sanjeev Sharma entitled as “Elastic-plastic deformation of a thin rotating solid disk of exponentially varying density" is awarded the 2019 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).


25/12/2019 Best Paper Award: The paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 2019 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).


13/11/2019 Data articles as a new type of submision: Editorial Board of our journal have decided to accept a new type of submission: data articles. The focus of these papers is only on data and how it is collected but not on its interpretation and drawn conclusions. For more see News section.


(More details of the news may be given in the News section)


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LATEST AWARDS


2019 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Manoj Sahni and Sanjeev Sharma entitled as “Elastic-plastic deformation of a thin rotating solid disk of exponentially varying density" is awarded the


2019 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 


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Last Update:

19.11.2020

(dd.mm.yyyy)