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Research Article

Influence of interventions on the seismic performance of URM buildings designed according to pre-modern codes

Neritan Shkodrani1, Hüseyin Bilgin2, Marjo Hysenlliu1

1Department of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania

2Department of Civil Engineering, Epoka University, Tirana, Albania

Keywords

Abstract




URM buildings; 

Pushover analysis;  

2019 Albania Earthquake;

 Template projects



On November 26,2019, an earthquake of magnitude 6.4 hit Durres city, Albania. After the earthquake, the inspection carried out by the authors in the region has provided relevant findings regarding the methods of construction, quality of the materials and the performance of structures. The dominant building types in the Albanian building stock comprise unreinforced masonry (URM) structures with load-bearing masonry walls. These units suffered the worst damage. Dynamic response of masonry is highly nonlinear, and generally shows high vulnerability to seismic loading. Moreover, many buildings of these type have undergone structural interventions like adding floors, or wall openings, especially in the first floors of the buildings, which are parallel to the main roads, because of great demand for shops and stores. This paper aims at making seismic performance assessment of the intervened buildings based on macro-element modeling approach. Due to its efficiency, this approach is becoming popular among the practitioners and field experts in this area and allows simulating the non-linear behavior of masonry buildings. This method is applied to two old masonry buildings from the Albanian construction practice that are representatives of mid-size residential buildings with and without interventions. It must be said that in Albania, masonry buildings have been built using templates all over the country, so both models with and without intervention are common. Capacity curves of the investigated buildings are derived to assess the most probable seismic response of the investigated housing construction in the region as well as to evaluate the seismic performance of the tested structures.

© 2021 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

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09/03/2022 Reviewer Awards: The reviewers are the anonymous heroes of the publishing society. Reviewing manuscripts is not an easy task but it is critical to the advancement of scientific knowledge. Even if authors take credit for publishing papers, the recognition of the reviewers are highly limited for their work. Therefore, our journal announces the reviewers that participated in editorial processes of the submitted articles in a yearly basis. Now, we expand our efforts to appreciate the valuable contribution of our reviewers and start to give Outstanding Reviewer Awards and Best Review Awards.


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29/12/2021 Best Paper Award: According to the Advisory Board decision, the paper authored by Sahar Ismail, Wassim Raphael, Emmanuel Durand entitled as “Case study of the Beirut port explosion using 3D laser scan and nonlinear finite element model” is awarded the 2021 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.  



29/12/2021 Most Cited Paper Award: According to the Editorial Board evaluation, the paper authored by Sinan Kutluay, Orhan Baytar, Ömer Şahin entitled as “Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics
of gas-phase toluene onto char produced from almond shells" is awarded the 2021 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.


(More details of the news may be given in the News section)


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LATEST AWARDS


2021 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Sahar Ismail, Wassim Raphael, Emmanuel Durand entitled as “Case study of the Beirut port explosion using 3D laser scan and nonlinear finite element model” is awarded the 



2021 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Sinan Kutluay, Orhan Baytar, Ömer Şahin entitled as “Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics of gas-phase toluene onto char produced from almond shells" is awarded the


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Last Update:

18.11.2022

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