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Research Article

The effect of mechanical surface roughness for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and aluminum joining

Didem Kale1Nazmiye Yoldaş1M. Özgür Seydibeyoğlu2,3,4

1Ege Profil, MPIOSB Atatütk Plastik O.S.B Mah. 5. Cad. No:4 Menemen, İzmir, Turkey

2Department İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, 35620, Çiğli, İzmir, Turkey

3Advanced Structures and Composites Center, University of Maine, Orono, Maine, 04473, USA

4Thermoplastic Composites Application Center (TPAC), Saxion University, Netherlands



Polyvinyl Chloride(PVC);







In this study, the joining technique of two different materials such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and aluminum that can replace steel insertion in the PVC profile industry was investigated. The aim was to improve the interface structure for joining PVC and aluminum with different geometries on the aluminum surface. The effects of mechanical surface roughness were studied for the joining performance. Aluminum samples with mechanically deformed surfaces were prepared and joined with PVC strips. Lap-shear, interlaminar shear strength (ILSS), 3-Point (3P) bending, and coefficient of linear thermal expansion (CTE) tests were performed. Microstructural investigations were conducted with an optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. According to the results obtained, mechanical surface roughness on the aluminum improved the joining interface between PVC and aluminum. The side-punched and perforated samples achieved the best results in terms of geometrical variations on the aluminum surface. Improvement in surface roughness resulted in a 2-fold increase in lap-shear shear strength and 45% reduction in 3-point bending test results. Optical microscopy was performed on the interface layer, the cavity structures were examined. In the samples with good adhesion results, it was observed that the desired locking mechanism was formed in joined structures as a result of the abrasion on the metal surface and the filling of holes with PVC.

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01/01/2024 Best Paper Award: The winners of 2023 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Author Awards section.

01/01/2024 Most Cited Paper Award: The winners of 2023 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Author Awards section.

01/01/2024 Reviewer Awards: The winners of 2023 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section.

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

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2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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