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Research Article

Endodontic treatment parameter optimization using central composite rotatable design

S.S.Pachpore1, Pradeep V. Jadhav2

1School of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. Vishwanatah Karad MIT World Peace University, Pune, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be) University, Pune, India



Central composite rotatable design;

 Operative parameters; 

Root canal treatment; 

Gutta-Percha compaction

Endodontology referred to as Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is a field of science that deals with the entire chemo-mechanical cleaning and sealing of the root canal system by using restorative material used to rescue or repair severely decaying or diseased teeth. The success of the treatment depends on the seal formed between the filling material and the root cavity post-obturation. The crucial components include the energy used to clean and seal the root canal system, the material used to fill the root canal system, the process used to fill the root canal system, and the geometry of the root canal system. In the presented research, ideal operative parameters and their interaction were studied with 32 experimental trials for five operative parameters namely canal angle, canal operative length, compaction force, operative temperature, and operating frequency using central composite rotatable design (CCRD); a response optimization tool. The treatment was carried out on endo-training blocks prepared with a 6% uniform taper across the working length by using gutta-percha as filling material. A compaction force of 10N, operating temperature between 90-92° C, operating frequency in the range of 40-50 Hz, and operative length of 12mm results in maximum gutta percha compaction.

© 2023 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


20/04/2024 Collaboration for HSTD-2024Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the III. International Conference on High-Speed Transport Development (HSTD) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

20/04/2024 Collaboration for DSL2024-SS1Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the DSL2024 Fluid Flow, Energy Transfer & Design (SS1) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the session will be published in our journal. For more see Events. .

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

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2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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