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Research Article

Damage progression in rubble-mound breakwaters scale model
tests under a climate change storm sequence

Conceição J.E.M. Fortes, Rute Lemos, Ana Mendonça, Maria Teresa Reis

Department of Hydraulics and Environment, National Laboratory for Civil Engineering (LNEC), Portugal

Keywords

Abstract


Damage progression;


Rubble-mound breakwaters;


Climate change;


Stereo- photogrammetric techniques

This paper describes the two-dimensional (2D) physical model tests of a rock armor breakwater, performed at LNEC´s experimental facilities, under the framework of the HYDRALAB+ project. The aim of the present work was to evaluate damage evolution under future climate change scenarios, by using different damage evaluation techniques. The tested wave conditions simulated a storm sequence where two water levels (low water and high water) were considered, as well as an increase of the wave height. The water levels and the wave heights were chosen to simulate extreme events forecasted on climate change scenarios. Damage evaluation was based on the traditional counting method and on stereo-photogrammetric techniques. Test results are presented in terms of the damage parameter S and in terms of the percentage of removed armor units. The analysis is focused on the damage progression during the scale model tests, for the imposed storm sequence. The damage presents an oscillating behavior with two main damage areas corresponding to the active zones for each level, due to the variation of the water level between low-water and high-water. This behavior differs significantly from that found for the common storm sequences usually tested, where the water level does not change. Both measuring techniques lead to an intermediate damage of the cross-section breakwater. However, the damage parameter assessment with the stereo-photogrammetric technique allows a more versatile evaluation, since it is possible to characterize damage in representative zones of the cross- section .

© 2019 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

LATEST News


21/02/2020 Collaboration for SET 2020: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the 19th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies (SET 2020) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.


25/12/2019 Most Cited Paper Award: The paper authored by Manoj Sahni and Sanjeev Sharma entitled as “Elastic-plastic deformation of a thin rotating solid disk of exponentially varying density" is awarded the 2019 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).

25/12/2019 Best Paper Award: The paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 2019 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM).


13/11/2019 Data articles as a new type of submision: Editorial Board of our journal have decided to accept a new type of submission: data articles. The focus of these papers is only on data and how it is collected but not on its interpretation and drawn conclusions. For more see News section.


(More details of the news may be given in the News section)


For more see News...

LATEST AWARDS


2019 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Manoj Sahni and Sanjeev Sharma entitled as “Elastic-plastic deformation of a thin rotating solid disk of exponentially varying density" is awarded the


2019 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Marcelo Mesquita do Amaral, Matheus Wanglon Ferreira and Mauro de Vasconcellos Real entitled as “A simplified method for analysis of reinforced concrete beams exposed to fire situation” is awarded the 


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Last Update:

15.06.2020

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