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Research Article

Comprehensive analysis of specimen’s properties and fiber type on the performance of Indian origin fine aggregates-based composite

Muppalla Venkata Sai Surya Pratap Chowdary1SS. Asadi1C. Raveendra Reddy2

1Department of Civil Engineering, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology and Research (Deemed to be University), Vadlamudi-522213, India

2Department of S&H, NBKR Institute of Science and Technology (Autonomous), Gudali-524413, India



Engineered cementitious composite;

Mechanical characteristics;

River and manufactured sand;

Polyvinyl alcohol;

Sisal fibers;

Properties of the specimen

A versatile concept in the field of Engineered Cementitious Composite (ECC) is Eco-friendly ECC. The materials and properties of specimens will influence the characteristics. In this present study, locally available fine aggregates (50% River sand + 50% M-Sand (16.33160 N, 80.35140 E)) and 2% PVA fibers-based Mix-1, local sand and sisal fibers based Mix-2 (1% sisal fibers + 1% PVA fibers) are considered. The flowability is slightly reduced from Mix-1 to Mix-2. All considered mixes showed good self-consolidation properties (Deformability factor (D.F.) <2.75 based on Li, 2008). For analysis of the mechanical characteristics, different specimens are considered. The compressive and flexural properties negligibly reduced by the size of specimens. But compressive strength moderately reduced by shape (cube to cylindrical specimens). The compressive ratio is between 1.45 to 1.6. The split tensile properties are moderately reduced with the size specimens. All these mechanical characteristics are slightly reduced by the usage of sisal fibres. To determine the durability properties, Rapid chloride penetration (RCPT) test conducted. However, these properties also negligibly influenced by the sisal fibres. It indicates that the sisal fibres can be used for the partial replacement of PVA fibres in the local sand-based mixes. To analyse this, SEM and XRD analysis conducted. Their performance also validated based on Roychand et al, 2016. The hydration of particles and arrangement of fibres are responsible for the significant performance of this Eco-friendly ECC.

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01/01/2024 Best Paper Award: The winners of 2023 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Author Awards section.

01/01/2024 Most Cited Paper Award: The winners of 2023 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Author Awards section.

01/01/2024 Reviewer Awards: The winners of 2023 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section.

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

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2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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