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Research Article

Behavior of structure type 82/2 (RC frame), during the earthquake of 26 November 2019 in Durrës, Albania

Anjeza Gjini1, Hektor Cullufi1, Enio Deneko1Princ Xhika2

1Faculty of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania

2Structural Engineer, Kastrati Group, Tirana, Albania

Keywords

Abstract



Structure Type 82/2; 


Seismic events; 


Pushover analysis

On November 26, 2019, an earthquake with magnitude Mw = 6.4 occurred in the city of Durrës, with epicenter about 16 km southwest of Mamurras. This seismic event caused 51 loss of life, hundreds injured and hundreds of damaged buildings. One of the typified structures, identified by the authors with the most cases of damage or even collapse, is the structure Type no. 82/2 built in some areas of the city of Durrës, in the period 1983-1993. The purpose of this study is to analyze the behavior of this type of structure during seismic loading (for two cases, five and six storey, from the same typology), using the non-linear static procedure (Pushover). The obtained results are compared with the damages recorded in the field for these buildings, concluding with their main causes. According to this study it appears that the main cause of failures occurred in this type of building is the reduction of the reinforcement amount from the ground floor to the first floor by 35.5% and percentage of reinforcement required for the given section exceeds the requirements of design standards (Eurocode-2 and KTP-2-89) by around 30%. Also on these failures contribute the low strength of concrete used in construction of some of these buildings (the compressive strength results 50% less than required) and the use of smooth rebar.

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29/12/2021 Best Paper Award: According to the Advisory Board decision, the paper authored by Sahar Ismail, Wassim Raphael, Emmanuel Durand entitled as “Case study of the Beirut port explosion using 3D laser scan and nonlinear finite element model” is awarded the 2021 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.  



29/12/2021 Most Cited Paper Award: According to the Editorial Board evaluation, the paper authored by Sinan Kutluay, Orhan Baytar, Ömer Şahin entitled as “Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics
of gas-phase toluene onto char produced from almond shells" is awarded the 2021 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.


(More details of the news may be given in the News section)


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LATEST AWARDS


2021 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Sahar Ismail, Wassim Raphael, Emmanuel Durand entitled as “Case study of the Beirut port explosion using 3D laser scan and nonlinear finite element model” is awarded the 



2021 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Sinan Kutluay, Orhan Baytar, Ömer Şahin entitled as “Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics of gas-phase toluene onto char produced from almond shells" is awarded the


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