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Research Article

Fracture behaviors and optimizations of friction stir spot welded and friction stir clinched hybrid aluminum/acrylonitrile butadiene styrene joints

Michael Kanisuru Adeyeri1, Olatunji Oladimeji Ojo1, Adefemi Oluseye Adelusi2,

1Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria



Friction stir spot welding; 

 Friction stir clinching; 

Aluminum alloy; 

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene polymer;


Mechanical properties; 


This study compares and optimizes the friction stir clinched and friction stir spot welded hybrid aluminum/acrylonitrile butadiene styrene polymer (Al/ABS) joints. The mechanical and fracture behaviors of the respective hybrid joints were investigated. The results show that the friction stir spot welded Al/ABS joint exhibited a higher tensile-shear failure load. The presence of higher deformation (protrusion-aided) and deeper tool profile-induced hole (stress raiser) in the friction stir clinched Al/ABS joint impaired the loadbearing resistance of the joint. The optimum tensile-shear failure loads of the friction stir spot welded, and friction stir clinched Al/ABS joints are 932 and 509 N respectively. Three fracture modes, namely unbuttoning, circumferential-partial Al in-polymer shearing, and mid-nugget shearing modes, ensue in both joint categories. Protrusion-aided deformation is not desirable for the improved performance of the hybrid Al/ABS joint. Friction stir spot welding is thus recommended for the fabrication of hybrid metal/polymer.

© 2021 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

21/10/2023 Journal Submission System Upgrade Completed: We're delighted to announce that our Journal Submission and Tracking System has undergone a significant upgrade, aimed at enhancing your experience. We apologize for the delay, and any inconvenience it may have caused. Here are the key enhancements from a user perspective:

Improvements are designed to make your interaction with our journal smoother and more efficient. Please take the upgraded system for a spin and share your thoughts with us. If you encounter any issues or have questions, please don't hesitate to reach out to our support team.

27/12/2022 Reviewer AwardsThe winners of 2022 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section. 

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

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2022 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2022 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Nitin Kumar, Michele Barbato, Erika L. Rengifo-López and Fabio Matta entitled as “Capabilities and limitations of existing finite element simplified micro-modeling techniques for unreinforced masonry” is awarded the 

2022 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Aykut Elmas, Güliz Akyüz, Ayhan Bergal, Müberra Andaç and Ömer Andaç entitled as “Mathematical modelling of drug release" is awarded the


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