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Review Article

Evaluating the effects of agricultural wastes on concrete and composite mechanical properties: a review

Abiodun Kilani, Christopher Fapohunda, Oluwatobi Adeleke, Charity Metiboba

1,2Department of Civil Engineering, Federal University Oye - Ekiti, Ekiti – State; Nigeria
2Department of Mechanical Engineering Science, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
3Department of Bio-Resource and Agricultural Engineering, Federal University Oye - Ekiti, Ekiti – State; Nigeria

Keywords

Abstract



Mechanical properties;

Agricultural wastes;

Fibers;

Reinforcement;

Pozzolanic material

Wastes generation and emission of greenhouse gases are the major concerns of the contemporary world. Concrete’s cements companies in the globe are producing up to 2.8 billion tons of cements annually. This contributed to the emission of anthropogenic substances into the atmosphere which destroys the ozone layers. The incessant disposal of these agricultural wastes has detrimental effect on the environmental and human health. Thus, utilizing these wastes as secondary resources in concrete is a reasonable consideration in sustainable waste management in the circular economy. The use of agricultural wastes in concrete production has been gaining attraction in recent years, however, their effectiveness and performance in concrete need evaluation. This study presents an overview of the effects of some agricultural wastes: Bagasse, Coconut shell, Cotton, Oil palm and Hemp fibers on concrete and composite’s mechanical properties. As reviewed, Sugar-Cane Bagasse Ash (SCBA) and Coconut Shell Ash (CSA) are rich in cementitious (pozzolanic) properties (SiO2, Fe2O3 and Al2O3) for cement production up to 70%. Sugar-cane bagasse and oil palm-fiber ashes improved concrete workability. SCBA and CSA highly increased the concrete compressive strengths. The concrete tensile strengths were increased up to 97% with the inclusion of cotton and bagasse ashes. The SCBA, hemp-fiber and treated oil palm - fiber ash increased the concrete and composite’s flexural strengths up to 11.3%, 26.2% and 50.7% respectively. In conclusion, the output of this review will supply full data of the research gaps yet to cover on the use of agro-wastes in concrete for future investigations.

© 2021 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

LATEST News


29/12/2021 Best Paper Award: According to the Advisory Board decision, the paper authored by Sahar Ismail, Wassim Raphael, Emmanuel Durand entitled as “Case study of the Beirut port explosion using 3D laser scan and nonlinear finite element model” is awarded the 2021 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.  



29/12/2021 Most Cited Paper Award: According to the Editorial Board evaluation, the paper authored by Sinan Kutluay, Orhan Baytar, Ömer Şahin entitled as “Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics
of gas-phase toluene onto char produced from almond shells" is awarded the 2021 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.
  


10/11/2021 Collaboration for IMSTEC2021: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the 6th International Conference on Material Science and Technology (IMSTEC2021) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events


15/03/2021 Collaboration for ICWET'21: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the6th International Conference on Welding Technologies and Exibition (ICWET’21) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.


11/02/2021 Collaboration for ULIBTK 2021: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the 23. Congress on Thermal Science and Technology (ULIBTK 2021) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.



(More details of the news may be given in the News section)


For more see News...

LATEST AWARDS


2021 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Sahar Ismail, Wassim Raphael, Emmanuel Durand entitled as “Case study of the Beirut port explosion using 3D laser scan and nonlinear finite element model” is awarded the 



2021 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Sinan Kutluay, Orhan Baytar, Ömer Şahin entitled as “Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics of gas-phase toluene onto char produced from almond shells" is awarded the


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Last Update:

20.01.2022

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