A review of the effect and optimization of use of nano-TiO2 in cementitious composites
Mahmud Sami Döndüren, Mohammed Gamal Al-Hagri
Department of Civil Engineering, Konya Technical University, Konya, Turkey
There are some problems and weaknesses related to cement-based materials, such as their very low tensile strength, low chemical resistance and the huge contribution of cement production to industrial CO2 emissions. One possible method to reduce the impacts of such problems is the partial replacement of cement in cementitious materials with nano materials. This work provides a detailed review of incorporation of one of the most widely used nano materials, namely nano-titanium dioxide, and its effect on the properties of cementitious composites. Different properties have been considered in the current study, such as fresh properties, mechanical properties (compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength), durability (permeability, ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV), electrical resistivity, carbonation resistance, freeze and thaw resistance and sulfate attack resistance) and microstructural properties. This paper also investigates the optimum content of nano-TiO2 in cement-based materials. Moreover, the cost effectiveness of use on nano-titania in cementitious composites has been discussed. Nano titania reduces the workability and setting time of cement-based materials. It can be very effective in improving the mechanical properties, durability and microstructural properties of cementitious composites.
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