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Research Article

Fracture behavior of plain and fiber-reinforced high strength concrete containing high strength steel fiber

P.N. Ojha, Pranay Singh, Brijesh Singh, Abhishek Singh, Piyush Mittal

National Council for Cement and Building Materials, India



Fiber-reinforced concrete; 

 Fracture Energy; 

High strength concrete; 

Characteristic Length; 



With the increase in strength, concrete explodes spontaneously at failure creating a serious safety hazard. Researchers are actively looking for methods to arrest the cracks in concrete and design a higher strength concrete that fails in a more ductile fashion. Fiber-reinforced concrete has emerged as one of the solutions to this problem. This paper presents findings from the experimental investigation conducted to compare the fracture behavior of plain and fiber-reinforced high strength concrete of varying compressive strength. Six different concrete mixes were prepared with w/b ratios of 0.47, 0.36, and 0.20 resulting in average compressive strength of 36, 52, and 92 MPa. Each mix consists of two variations, first without fiber and second with 1% of steel fiber by volume. The mixes were tested for their strength and fracture Behavior using various standard codes and recommendations. From the Load-deflection and Load-CMOD (Crack Mouth Opening Displacement) curves obtained from the study, Fracture parameters like Fracture energy, Stress intensity factor, energy release rate, and Characteristic length is evaluated and compared for plain and Steel fiber reinforced concrete. It was found that adding steel fiber significantly improves the fracture properties of the concrete of different compressive strengths. By adding 1% of steel fiber in the high-strength concrete, the average fracture energy increased by 850%, 770%, and 450% respectively for the concrete with compressive strength of 36, 52, and 92 MPa. Other parameters also show a very significant improvement suggesting fiber reinforcement as a suitable choice to prevent brittle failure and increase the fracture performance of high strength concrete.

© 2022 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

21/10/2023 Journal Submission System Upgrade Completed: We're delighted to announce that our Journal Submission and Tracking System has undergone a significant upgrade, aimed at enhancing your experience. We apologize for the delay, and any inconvenience it may have caused. Here are the key enhancements from a user perspective:

Improvements are designed to make your interaction with our journal smoother and more efficient. Please take the upgraded system for a spin and share your thoughts with us. If you encounter any issues or have questions, please don't hesitate to reach out to our support team.

27/12/2022 Reviewer AwardsThe winners of 2022 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section. 

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

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2022 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2022 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Nitin Kumar, Michele Barbato, Erika L. Rengifo-López and Fabio Matta entitled as “Capabilities and limitations of existing finite element simplified micro-modeling techniques for unreinforced masonry” is awarded the 

2022 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Aykut Elmas, Güliz Akyüz, Ayhan Bergal, Müberra Andaç and Ömer Andaç entitled as “Mathematical modelling of drug release" is awarded the


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