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Research Article

Manufacturing of testing specimens from tough HDPE-100 pipe: Turning parameters optimization

Sabrina Mammeri1,2, Kamel Chaoui1, Khaider Bouacha1

1Mechanics of Materials and Plant Maintenance Research Laboratory (LR3MI), Mechanical Eng. Dept.,  Faculty of Technology, Badji Mokhtar University, P.O. Box 12, 23005, Annaba, Algeria
2Mechanical Eng. Dept., Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Mohamed-Chérif Messaadia University, P.O. Box 1553, Souk-Ahras 41043, Algeria



HDPE pipe; 

Tool geometry;


Taguchi method

Filament curvature;


Numerous machining operations are required in order to manufacture standard and non-standard specimens for mechanical testing of polymers. The present work focuses on the machinability of HDPE-100 pipe to prepare the utmost regular filaments with specified thickness and width. The study is set to establish mathematical correlations between surface quality (total roughness; Rt), cutting temperature (T°), filament uniformity (L) and corresponding cutting conditions. The latter include Vc (cutting speed), f (feed rate) and ap (depth of cut), combined with tool geometry (i.e., rake angle: γ and cutting-edge angle: κr). A mixed Taguchi L18 plan is adopted to organize and process the experimental runs. ANOVA and RSM (Response Surface Methodology) are employed to construct prediction models and optimize subsequent machining results. It is found that T (cutting temperature) and surface roughness criteria (Ra, Rt) are strongly affected by f and Vc. In addition, ANOVA results related to the height of filament bends (L) are likewise studied as a function of tool angles γ and κr. It is noted that cutting process is influenced by κr as it explains ~19% contributions of the total variation of parameter L, while γ, Vc and f show a little influence. It is deduced that optimum input parameters, represented by Vc, f, ap, γ and κr, are respectively 160 m/min, 0.5 mm/rev, 4 mm, (-6°) and 90° when turning tough HDPE material.

© 2023 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


20/04/2024 Collaboration for HSTD-2024Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the III. International Conference on High-Speed Transport Development (HSTD) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

20/04/2024 Collaboration for DSL2024-SS1Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the DSL2024 Fluid Flow, Energy Transfer & Design (SS1) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the session will be published in our journal. For more see Events. .

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

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2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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