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Research Article

London the Shard analysis in the context of parametric and sustainable skyscraper design

Selale Elcin Sungur, Umit Turgay Arpacioglu, Mustafa Ozgunler

Department of Architecture, MSGSU Mimar Sinan University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Keywords

Abstract



Parametric design; 

Sustainability; 

Skyscraper design; 

Tall buildings; 

Wind engineering; 

Engineering analysis

In this study, London The Shard skyscraper structure was examined under the concepts of sustainability and wind engineering dynamics. The aerodynamic examination of the building in accordance with the wind dynamics principles and the relevant CFD simulations as proof, created. In the simulations carried out in the Matlab CFD environment, the Navier Stokes equation principles with k-omega turbulance model were followed. The skyscraper model 1-1 was created in its original form and simulated under real wind data at its location in London. In the results obtained after the simulations, the velocity increased by V-3V in the first 600-800 meters distance range, in the x direction of the model, created a vortex around the structure. While the speed-vortex effects mechanisms were examined on the model by V-3V, the pressure load P within the first 25 meters in the z direction (structure height) of the model was reached to 5P, up to the limit of 280-300 meters. When it is reached to 300 meters height, a 5-fold increase in pressure was detected. In the x-direction, pressure change of the model tested. The variation of the pressure load at the rate of P - 2P was determined in the first 800-1000 meters of the model in the x-direction, and the pressure exerts a double effect in the first 800-1000 meters of the model. In addition to the norms and regulations of supertall design principles, all risk scenarios of wind, under the effect of velocity and pressure need to be simulated before safe construction.

© 2021 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

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09/03/2022 Outstanding Reviewer Award: The reviewers are the anonymous heroes of the publishing society. Reviewing manuscripts is not an easy task but it is critical to the advancement of scientific knowledge. Even if authors take credit for publishing papers, the recognition of the reviewers are highly limited for their work. Therefore, our journal announces the reviewers that participated in editorial processes of the submitted articles in a yearly basis. Now, we expand our efforts to appreciate the valuable contribution of our reviewers and start to give Outstanding Reviewer Awards.


More info can be found at Reviewer Awards section. 


29/12/2021 Best Paper Award: According to the Advisory Board decision, the paper authored by Sahar Ismail, Wassim Raphael, Emmanuel Durand entitled as “Case study of the Beirut port explosion using 3D laser scan and nonlinear finite element model” is awarded the 2021 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.  



29/12/2021 Most Cited Paper Award: According to the Editorial Board evaluation, the paper authored by Sinan Kutluay, Orhan Baytar, Ömer Şahin entitled as “Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics
of gas-phase toluene onto char produced from almond shells" is awarded the 2021 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM). We congratulate the authors and wish them a continued success.


(More details of the news may be given in the News section)


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LATEST AWARDS


2021 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Sahar Ismail, Wassim Raphael, Emmanuel Durand entitled as “Case study of the Beirut port explosion using 3D laser scan and nonlinear finite element model” is awarded the 



2021 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Sinan Kutluay, Orhan Baytar, Ömer Şahin entitled as “Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics of gas-phase toluene onto char produced from almond shells" is awarded the


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