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Research Article

Strength and durability assessment of laterized concrete made with recycled aggregates: A performance index approach

Chinwuba Arum1, Stephen Adeyemi Alabi1,2, Roland Chinwuba Arum1

1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria

2Department of Civil Engineering, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana



Lateritic soil; Recycled fine aggregate; Recycled coarse aggregate; Strength; Durability; Performance index

The use of recycled aggregates (RAs) for concrete promotes circular construction while the introduction of lateritic soil (LS) seeks cost reduction in concrete production. This study reports the results of experiments on partial replacement of (i) Akure-pit sand (APS) with recycled fine aggregate (RFA); (ii) RFA with LS; (iii) APS with LS; and (iv) crushed granite (CG) with recycled coarse aggregate (RCA). Replacement levels were from 0% to 70% in steps of 10%. Major tests were compressive strength and sorptivity. The performance index approach was employed to obtain the best performance indices for various material combinations. The results revealed that at 28 days of curing, concretes attained optimum compressive strengths of 15 N/mm2, 15.1 N/mm2, 13.1 N/mm2, and 16.8 N/mm2, respectively for mixtures produced by partially substituting APS with 70%RFA; RFA with 40%LS; APS with 50%LS; and CG with 50%RCA. The sorptivity was optimal at 2.69x10-4 mm/min0.5; 3.58x10-4 mm/min0.5; 3.16x10-4 mm/min0.5; and 2.86x10-4 mm/min0.5, respectively for mixtures with partial replacement of APS with 30%RFA; RFA with 40%LS; APS with 40%LS; and CG with 10%RCA. This research will find practical application in construction works utilizing LS and RAs when optimal replacement levels of the conventional aggregates are required, in order to achieve predetermined performance criteria.

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01/01/2024 Best Paper Award: The winners of 2023 Best Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Author Awards section.

01/01/2024 Most Cited Paper Award: The winners of 2023 Most Cited Paper Award of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Author Awards section.

01/01/2024 Reviewer Awards: The winners of 2023 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section.

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

21/10/2023 Journal Submission System Upgrade Completed: We're delighted to announce that our Journal Submission and Tracking System has undergone a significant upgrade, aimed at enhancing user experience. 

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

For more see News...


2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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