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Technical Note

Moisture susceptibility of waste ceramic tiles modified asphalt mixtures

Oguntayo Daniel1, Ogundipe Olumide2, Daikwo Jemimah3, Adeyemi Festus4, Aladegboye Oluwasegun3

1Department of Civil Engineering, Confluence University of Science and Technology, Osara, Nigeria
2Department of Civil Engineering, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
3Department of Civil Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Nigeria
4Department of Civil Engineering, Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo, Nigeria



Wasteceramic tiles;

Asphalt Mixtures;

Tensile Strength


Retained Strength   Index;  

Construction and Demolition waste

Waste ceramic tiles have been recognized as viable in producing asphalt mixtures. However, the primary concern is the assurance of its durability, especially in terms of moisture damage. Therefore, this research aims to investigate the moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixtures incorporating waste ceramic tiles (WCT). The coarse aggregates of 25 mm size were partially replaced with WCT at 0%-50% proportions. The Marshall Method of mix design was used to calculate the optimum bitumen content (OBC) at various levels of WCT replacement. Utilizing the retained strength index (RSI) and tensile strength ratio (TSR) tests, the moisture susceptibility of the mixes compacted at OBC was assessed. The results indicate that the continuous increase of WCT leads to decreased TSR and RSI values. The RSI ranges from 91.10%-81.90%, 74.91%-61.07% and 47.89%-41.05% at 1, 3, and 7-day curing, respectively. The TSR ranges from 89.27-74.73%, 71.48-63.81% and 58.02-46.79% at 1, 3, and 7-day curing, respectively. Nevertheless, it was determined that the WCT-modified asphalt mixtures met the TSR and RSI standards for asphalt mixtures with satisfactory moisture resistivity performance at 1 and 3 days of curing. For satisfying performance of WCT-modified asphalt mixtures, the study recommends an optimum proportion of 30% WCT.

© 2023 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


20/04/2024 Collaboration for HSTD-2024Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the III. International Conference on High-Speed Transport Development (HSTD) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

20/04/2024 Collaboration for DSL2024-SS1Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the DSL2024 Fluid Flow, Energy Transfer & Design (SS1) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the session will be published in our journal. For more see Events. .

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

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2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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