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The journal of RESM is open to proposals for special issues on emerging related topics. More info is here.

Research Article

Enhancing surface properties and corrosion resistance of API 5L X52 steel through orthogonal ball burnishing

Selma Belabend1, Hamid Hamadache1, Quang Phamdonhat2

1Research Laboratory of Advanced Technology in Mechanical Production (LRATPM), Mechanical Eng.   Dept., Faculty of Technology, Badji Mokhtar-Annaba University, Algeria
2 SARL AVACRISTAL, 12 Latham Beau Séjour, 23000 Annaba, Algeria






Surface roughness; 

Steel X52; 

 Taguchi method

Surface engineering involves using various technologies to modify the surface and near-surface areas of a material to enable it to perform different functions from the bulk of the material. Two primary methods of surface engineering are surface coatings and surface modification. Orthogonal ball burnishing is a process that improves certain surface integrity properties of materials through superficial plastic deformation. This study focuses on the effect of this treatment and the influence of its parameters on the physico-geometric surface characteristics of API 5L X52 steel. Burnishing tests were conducted with four main parameters: burnishing force (Py), feed rate (f), spindle speed (N), and number of passes (i). The analysis revealed an appropriate combination of burnishing parameters that led to a 98% reduction in surface roughness and a 42% increase in surface microhardness. A multi-objective optimization of roughness and microhardness after burnishing yielded optimal parameters. Furthermore, a multifactorial experimental design demonstrated that corrosion resistance increased by 318%.

© 2023 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


20/04/2024 Collaboration for HSTD-2024Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the III. International Conference on High-Speed Transport Development (HSTD) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

20/04/2024 Collaboration for DSL2024-SS1Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the DSL2024 Fluid Flow, Energy Transfer & Design (SS1) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the session will be published in our journal. For more see Events. .

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

For more see News...


2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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